class size in Singapore


  • Prune average class sizes to 20 — from the present 29 to 34 in primary and secondary schools
  • In nations that are part of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, whose membership comprises mostly rich countries, the average class size is between 21 and 24
  • The smaller classes should be instituted progressively, with academically weaker students benefiting first. Priority should be given to foundational subjects in primary schools and Normal stream subjects in secondary schools

Although there are numerous advantages when it comes to having a small class size, yet there are similar benefits that we should recognize when it comes to having a larger class can offer. Other than easing the taxpayer’s pockets due to economics of scale, a larger class size can actually promote diversity and having more students in a class often translate to higher energy and fun. Classes will go by quicker and are less boring, students may also indirectly become more independent because teachers would not be able to pay too much attention to them.

A smaller class size may be a pie in the sky for now. Most parents would definitely wish that it can be realised soon. In the meantime, finding tutors can definitely help support your children’s academic journey. For math tuition by former MOE teachers , please contact here.

Fahrenheit 451 English Literature
Studying English Literature In Singapore and Dystopian Novel

Imagine a society where all books are banned and firemen don’t put out fires, instead they are hired to set ablaze houses that contain outlawed books. A world where you have robotic dog-like creatures that go around hunting book hoarders and intellectuals are now drifters who have each memorized books should the day arrive that society comes to an end and is forced to rebuild itself anew.

This is the synopsis of the book Fahrenheit 451. The significance of the book’s infernal title Farenheit 451 is because that is the temperature which papers/books burn. The book is a dystopian novel by American writer Ray Bradbury, which is one of the texts which secondary schools students can choose to read for O’levels Literature in English (Syllabus 2065).

The current Covid-19 pandemic has been said to be one of the most surreal and scary global disruptions of our time. As we embrace a reality where social distancing is a norm, wearing masks is a daily affair and having PUB’s robotic dog-like creatures prancing around imploring joggers to observe social distancing becomes a common sight. Perhaps having students read dystopian fiction in school is one way to allow them to draw strength from characters of the novel and make sense of this rather unpredictable and volatile world?


Over the years, some Language-Literature students who taking International Baccalaureate are also reading dystopian literature like ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Brave New World.’ Exposing students to such genres in unprecedented times like these, may just help them discover another dimension to governmental policies and events happening around them.This is because very often Dystopian fiction explores at least one reason why things are that way, often as an analogy for similar issues in the real world.

Why do writers write Dystopian Literature?

Dystopian literature is used to “provide fresh perspectives on problematic social and political practices that might otherwise be taken for granted or considered natural and inevitable”.

A worldwide decline of Liberal Arts subjects

All over the world, subjects like Literature and English are seeing a sharp decline in enrolment. According to figures from the Ministry of Education (MOE), only about 5,500 students sat for the literature O-level examinations in 2015, down from about 6,000 students in 2012. Liberal Arts education worldwide has seen a sharp decline as governments drive to steer young people away from the arts and humanities to study science, technology, engineering and maths – the so-called Stem subjects, which have become the holy grail of 21st-century education in Singapore and England. Simply put, students just do not see the value of taking English literature and are preferring more practical humanities like International Baccalaureate Business Management, iGCSE Business Studies, Economics and likes.


What are the benefits of learning Literature?

Fahrenheit 451 English Literature

MOE Singapore Literature

Although there are fewer English and English Literature majors, governments do realise (to a certain extent) the value of literature for every student. Literature is still compulsory for lower secondary students in mainstream schools. Similarly. all IP schools like Raffles Girls, ACS, Methodist Girls, Cedars Nanyang Girls, Dunman High et cetera makes Language Arts (a combination of Literature and English) mandatory for the lower secondary students. The Ministry of Education shares that one substantial benefit of having students in Singapore pick up literature is because the study of Literature raises awareness of the range of perspectives that human beings – separated by time, space and culture – are capable of developing. This increased awareness promotes empathy and global awareness. Students become cognisant of and reassess their own values, beliefs and biases.

Is it near impossible to score a distinction for literature?

Mrs Wee, a full time teacher and a former MOE teacher English and Literature at Raffles Institution, recognises the fluidity of all humanities subjects but stresses that there is indeed a formula for getting distinctions. She adds that “It is still very possible to score distinctions for literature, provided that students are guided on the correct strategies and approaches.”

If you need a helping hand for literature tuition or Language Arts and Literature tuition in Singapore, drop us an email here and we will match you with a suitable tutor from our strong bastion of English and Literature tutors. If you are looking for literature notes and handouts, subscribe to our newsletter and you will be the very first to get model essays, notes and more.

Situational Writing

How to score?

You will be graded according to your content and language. To get the top band for Task Fulfilment, you must show a very good understanding and clear awareness of the PAC (Purpose, Audience and Context).  

To get the top band for Language and Organization, your language must be accurate with hardly any errors in grammar, expression, spelling and punctuation. You must use a variety of vocabulary and sentence structures. 

To really, really shine, stand head and shoulders above your peers, your script must demonstrate a high level of personal engagement and inject your personal voice. Most students are caught in the Average-Marks-Belt because they are unable to differentiate themselves due to a lack of character in their writing or they merely copy or re-hash the points given in the stimulus.


Remember, your ideas and facts must also be well-linked and sequenced, such that the information presented is very clear.


What are the types of situational writing? 

  1. Formal Letter
  2. Informal Letter (for tips on informal email writing, check here)
  3. Proposal
  4. Report
  5. Article / Newsletter
  6. Speech 

1. Understand what are the requirements of the question. 

The first thing you should do for situational writing is to analyse the prompt. A prompt is the brief passage of text (first few paragraphs) in the question paper and the visual stimulus that paints the scenario. Within the prompt, you should identify the PAC and apply the 5Ws brainstorm principle. Ask yourself, who am I writing as? This will help you to get into character (who are your writing as, are you a student leader giving a speech? You need to be mindful of your tone while elaborating on the important points in the prompt. 


Identify the writer’s role – What is your role/character?

Format (e.g. formal letter, newsletter, article, proposal, speech, complaint letter, report)

P (What do you hope to accomplish through this speech/article/formal letter/proposal)? 

A (Who are you writing to?)

C (What prompted you to write this letter?)

2) Always refer to the visual stimulus / text given

Pay attention to the details provided, annotate by applying the 5Ws and 1H principle.

3) Structure your proposal

A general rule of thumb, the situational writing (except speech and article) should be divided into 6 body paragraphs in the order of :

Para 1 : Intro:

You should explain what is your objective of writing this and why they are writing it. This will show that they understand the objective and purpose behind the situational writing question.


Para 2 : Point One 

Para 3 : Point Two 

Para 4 : Point Three 

Para 5 : Counterargument + Rebuttal (if necessary) 

Para 6 : Conclusion

-summary of the whole proposal 

-a polite thank you for favourable consideration of your ideas

3) Language

Keep in mind these language tips you write, for a well-rounded and watertight proposal. 

> Write in present tense (predominantly) unless you are citing a past event 

> Be persuasive, respectful and polite. 

> Be clear and precise (describe with details your activity e.g. how you will be conducting the event)

>Each paragraph should have a clear topic sentence and connectors to make your writing more fluent and coherent.


Sign up as a member and get the most comprehensive situational writing format guide by school teachers. Click here to download a free preview. 

Be first to get more situational writing tips where our team of teachers and tutors share with you secrets to getting that A*. Get online tuition from just $35 onwards. For more sample GCE O’levels English Essay, click here.

father's day

How did Father’s Day come about?

(Scene—You rush into the lobby of the ‘First National Bank of Your 15-year-old Daughter’s Heart’ and quickly approach her window.)

Your Daughter: Good afternoon. How may I help you?

You: Hi. I need make a big withdrawal fast!

Your Daughter: Ok, sir. No problem. Could you please let me see some ID?

You: Sure.(You hand her a copy of her birth certificate where you are listed as “Father.”)

Your Daughter: Everything looks in order, Dad. Please wait just a minute while I check your account.(She turns away from you but then gets a strange look on her face.)

You: Is there a problem?

Your Daughter: Yes, sort of. I clearly see that you opened an account here a long time ago, but it doesn’t appear to have a sufficient balance for you to make a big withdrawal. When was the last time that you made a deposit?


You: Well, I don’t remember. I guess it’s been a while. You know, I have been very busy working and stuff like that. But, my wife has been making lots of deposits. Seems like every time I turn around she is heading here. Since we are married, can’t I just make a withdrawal from her account?

Your Daughter: Dad, no you can’t because we don’t offer joint accounts here.

You: Oh yeah…That’s right…I remember hearing that. What about a loan? Can I get one of those?

Your Daughter: I’m sorry…We don’t offer loans either. You can only withdraw what you have deposited.(You start to get a bit upset…)You: Well that just doesn’t seem fair! I clearly have an account. And, well, I need to make a withdrawal. Can’t you make an exception? After all, I am DAD.

Your Daughter: Dad. I am sorry. I just can’t help you…(You are becoming more upset…)

You: Well, doggone it, I am not going to take no for answer.(Your daughter gets a concerned and stern look on her face and you can see her reaching under the counter to push the button for security.)


Your Daughter: As I said, I can’t help you. You knew the rules when you opened the account. How can you expect to withdraw funds that you didn’t deposit? That’s just not the way it works here. All you had to do was make consistent deposits. Even small ones would have been fine because “interest”—your interest—would have compounded these deposits substantially over time. Taking deposits that don’t belong to you is, well, robbery. So, I need to ask you to leave now. Or, do I need to call security?

How can fathers make a change?

Our current generation of modern fathers is already leading this Dad-volution in fatherhood. Some men are fiercely progressive and believe in being a nurturing influence in their kids’ lives.

In our tiny Singapore, we are seeing a surge in a breed of “progressive dads”. A strong tribe of men, who makes the effort in making sure they deposit emotionally to their children’s emotional banks. Forty-two-year-old Technopreneur Jay Huang , a father of twins, is proud to be part of this Dad-volution. Growing up without the presence of a strong father figure, Jay is committed to making a difference. He is the family’s chef, driver and music tutor – all in one. Jay makes it a point to put his children first. Being a music aficionado himself, he goes to Violin lessons with his son and learns together with his son. At home, he helps his children with their music homework. At night, before the children sleeps, Jay would play a round of UNO cards with his children and hopes to make this a nightly ritual. He would then burn the midnight oil so as to ensure that his own work is in order.


At the other end of Singapore, Bobby Sim, 40, is a stay-at-home father who’s opted to take the road less travelled – by staying at home to take care of his five-year-old daughter, while his wife goes to work. He says, “I believe modern fathers want to be great parents. And other than breastfeeding, dads can do practically everything the mum can do, and sometimes even better. (There shouldn’t be any) gender stereotyping.”

Coincidentally, both Huang and Sim grew up without a father by their side. Because of that, both said that they are inspired to become the fatherly figure they themselves never had, for their children.

Indeed, this modern generation of fathers has greatly outdone their predecessors.

As we celebrate Father’s Day this weekend, let’s all remind one another the importance of saving (emotionally) for a rainy day.


Bond with your children today, learn to play nursery rhymes together here or download a free printable and spend some quality time with your young ones.

Non-verbal IQ Test

Non-verbal IQ Test

Answer: C

Explanations: The only one is a carrot, where the others are animals or birds.


Non-verbal IQ Test

Answer: D


Non-verbal IQ Test

Answer: C

Our children’s thinking in their early years is naturally dominated by their perception or what their senses tell them. To help them in the learning and development of various abstract numeracy concepts, it is vital to equip them with opportunities to:

1) Explore with objects
2) Identify written words or symbols in their daily play experiences
3) Talk about their solutions when solving problems

These opportunities will help them in the development of skills and concepts such as matching, sorting, comparing, ordering, patterning, counting and number sense, basic shapes, and space.


Want more free printable for preschoolers or are you looking more more quizzes and educational materials for your child? Subscribe to us today. For more primary one related post, click here. You can also hire a tutor, get in touch with us today.

secondary school students

Will access to technology help Singaporean students reduce inequality?

Senior Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam announced during a national broadcast on today, June 17 that 

Education Minister Ong Ye Kung has plans to fast-forward the plan to equip all secondary school students with their own personal laptop or tablet by next year 2021.

This means all students (regardless of family income) can finally have their own private digital devices where they can access HBL online learning materials, attend online tuition lessons, do research on their tablets, download educational apps and of course, socialise all on their very own devices. 

In recent years, Senior Minister Tharman has often advocated that social mobility has been and is at the heart of Singapore’s ambition and how it is absolutely imperative for the government to do their best to address this concern.


Like most globalised nations, social divisions are part of an unfortunate reality in meritocratic Singapore. On one end of the spectrum, we have some students in Singapore who are trapped in the poverty cycle, struggling with basic needs, living without access to wifi or their own laptop devices. On the moneyed end, we have students in Raffles Institution who flush S$50 and call it ‘our toilet paper’.

secondary school students

Not too long ago, in 2018, Singapore ranked 149 in an Oxfam index where 157 countries are ranked based on their efforts to tackle the gap between the rich and poor. Singapore is just eight ranks ahead of countries like Nigeria (157) and Bhutan (152). 

In his speech, Senior Minister Tharman recognises that due to the Covid-19 crisis, the income inequality has definitely widened. Job and income losses have hit some groups much harder than others. Children without well-off parents are falling behind, with their schooling disrupted and little done to help them. 


Singaporeans spend twice the global average on children’s local education and buying assessment books are one of the expenses that they incurred. 

At The Learning Space, we provide affordable online tuition, quality and free learning materials and test papers to help parents ease their pockets. Subscribe and get the latest updates on sample essays, test papers and more. 

iGCSE Business Studies

In IGCSE Business Studies, students will be exposed to the fundamentals of business topics that will helps them develop their critical understanding of organisations, the markets they serve and the process of adding value. This will involve consideration of the management of organisations and in particular the process of decision-making in a dynamic business world.

Students will also study business behaviour from the perspective of different stakeholders including customers, managers, shareholders and employees. Students will be aware of the economic, environmental, ethical, legal, social and technological issues associated with business activity. Business Studies draws on a variety of disciplines which are interrelated.

How will students be assessed?
Paper 1 – Short answers and structured data responses (1 hour 30 minutes) 50% of final marks.
Paper 2 – Four questions based on a case study (1 hour 30 minutes) 50% of final marks.


Although Business Studies may not be everyone’s cup of tea, but few can deny that it is a rather pragmatic humanities subject. If you have already chosen iGCSE Business Studies as your major, you can reach out to our strong team of Business Lecturers and Tutors from international schools that can help you succeed. Our iGCSE Business Studies tuition are available online and face-to-face, do contact us here.

math for preschoolers

math for preschoolers

A number line is a series of numbers placed on a straight line in order from least to greatest.

The Number Line is a Great Way to Introduce Addition

You can introduce your preschoolers to number lines to teach them simple things like addition and subtraction. When you’re starting out, those simple addition problems that may seem so familiar to adults may be something entirely unfamiliar to your young preschool or kindergarten age student.

Watch this video and get your children counting with number lines!

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How to make Math fun for children?

Don’t we wish all our children love math? Reality is, some children do not take to Math. One way to interest your kids and make them excited about Math is through little Brain Teasers like this.

Math Trick of the Day:

How to make Math fun for childrenThe answer is 2. Try again if you are not convinced.

Another way to make Math fun and interesting for your kids is by subscribing to Math Educational Videos (based on Singapore Math Model and Curriculum)

Check this video out:

Remember Life is a math equation. In order to gain the most, you have to know how to convert negatives into positives. If you need more help, get in touch with our team of Math tutors today.


What will children learn for Math in Primary One?

The Primary 1 Maths syllabus consists of the main areas: whole numbers, money, measurement & geometry and statistics.

1. WHOLE NUMBERS: Numbers up to 100

> Children must be able to count to tell the number of objects in a given set

>Number notation, representations and place values (tens, ones)

>Reading and writing numbers in numerals and in words

>Comparing the number of objects in two or more sets

>Comparing and ordering numbers

>Patterns in number sequences

>Ordinal numbers (first, second, up to tenth) and symbols (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc)

>Number bonds for numbers up to 10

2. Addition and subtraction

>Concepts of addition and subtraction

>How to use +, – and =

>Relationship between addition and subtraction

>Adding more than two 1-digit numbers

>Addition and subtraction within 100

>Adding and subtracting using algorithms

>Solving 1-step word problems involving addition and subtraction within 20

>Mental calculation involving addition and subtraction (within 20, of a 2-digit number and ones without renaming and of a 2-digit number and tens)


3.Multiplication and Division

>Concepts of multiplication and division

>Use of x

>Multiplying within 40

>Dividing within 20

>Solving 1-step word problems involving multiplication and division with pictorial representation

4.Calculation with Money

>Counting amount of money (in cents up to $1 and in dollars up to $100)

>Solving 1-step word problems involving addition and subtraction of money in dollars only (or in cents only)



4. Learn about about Measurement and Geometry Measurement

>Length – Measuring and comparing the length of objects in non-standard units

>Time – Telling time to the hour/half hour

>Shapes – Identifying, naming, describing and classifying 2D shapes (rectangle, square, circle, and triangle)

>Making or completing patterns with 2D shapes according to one or two of the following attributes size, shape, colour and orientation 4.Statistics

Data representation and interpretation

>Picture graphs – reading and interpreting data from picture graphs

Get a headstart, subscribe to Math Republic for exclusive Math educational videos that will help prepare your children for Primary One Math.


Alternatively, you can engage the help of our friendly team of tutors.

Why choose our Math tutors?

1) Excellent Track Record

Our students have 100% distinction in PSLE from 2017 to 2019 All A*s and As! Our students all averaged PSLE T-scores of over 250. Close to 50% of them qualified for top IP schools, Cedar Girls, Raffles Institution, Hwa Chong Institution, Raffles Girls’ School and Nanyang Girls High School through the PSLE.

2) Best Competition Results

Our students have topped three National Championships and achieved accolades in the Mathlympics Olympiad Competitions!

3) Only the Best and dedicated Tutors

Depending on your budget, you can choose from our strong team of tutors. They are professional tutors and some are even ex-MOE teachers who have either a formidable track record of producing high-ranking competition winners.

Contact us today,